A personal injury lawyer is basically a lawyer who offers legal services to people who claim to have recently been hurt, mentally or physically, due to the negligence of another individual, organization, government agency or corporation. Personal injury lawyers mostly practice in the field of tort law, which is the body of law addressing claims to wrongs done to an individual. These claims may involve anything from a traffic accident to contracting a disease. These claims are usually heard in civil courts rather than criminal courts. However, claims for serious injuries like strokes, paralysis, or even death, can be filed in criminal courts.
Personal Injury Lawyer & Personal Injury Claims
Claims by victims or survivors of personal injury cases in which the defendant (the person or entity responsible for the injury) has been sued for negligence are always heard in civil courts, not criminal courts. The personal injury lawyers will have to prove the act or behavior by the defendant was negligent. First, the defendant must show that the act was engaged in; and that it caused the injury to the plaintiff. Second, the defendant must establish that it acted unreasonably or with gross negligence so as to cause the plaintiff to suffer injury. Finally, in order to defeat a claim, the defendant may argue that the plaintiff failed to establish that the defendant’s conduct was grossly negligent or had a reasonable belief that the conduct was wrong, but that it did happen.
If the claim for compensation for personal injuries is successful, the plaintiff often gets cash payments. However, the settlement depends on many factors, such as extent of injury, duration of time since the incident, and amount of damage. Sometimes, if the claimant does not have enough money to settle the case, he may request the court to assign him money instead of getting the settlement from the defendant. Another way a victim can request money from the party responsible for his injuries is by putting up a personal injury lawyer, who is essentially a financial expert who will evaluate the settlement possibilities. In case the lawyer suggests to refuse the settlement, the defendant has the option of going to trial or paying a token to the injured person.